Information processing as a competitive advantage of Japanese firms



Publisher: Edition Sigma in Berlin

Written in English
Published: Pages: 292 Downloads: 415
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Subjects:

  • Industries -- Japan,
  • Information resources management -- Japan,
  • Japan -- Economic conditions
  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references.

    StatementHorst Albach, Ulrike Görtzen, Rita Zobel (eds.)
    ContributionsAlbach, Horst, Görtzen, Ulrike, Zobel, Rita
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHC462 .I5 1999
    The Physical Object
    Pagination292 p.
    Number of Pages292
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL21621686M
    ISBN 103894041897

Sustainable competitive advantage can mean many things to different firms. Competitive advantage may be with respect to a supplier, a customer, or a rival. It may exist because of a lower price, because of desirable features, or because of the various resources that a firm possesses. Asia Pacific Advances in Consumer Research Volume 2, Pages THE INTERRELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CUSTOMER AND CONSUMER VALUE. Hans Rask Jensen, Southern Denmark Business School. ABSTRACT - In this paper some aspects of customer value which hopefully are useful for marketing managers trying to achieve sustainable competitive advantages in consumer markets are . The obvious thing is that sustainable competitive advantages have to be competitive advantages that apply not just to existing customers, because they die off sooner or later. Teenage customers grow up and you’ve got new customers who are not attached to any firm. Today, inexpensive computer and communications devices are setting up two new challenges to transaction processing: using the TPS as a competitive weapon and getting better information more quickly to the right people (Coy, ). Transaction processing subsystems Some of the major transaction processing subsystems found in most firms.

Check out this awesome Good Essay On When Management Information Systems Are Used The Competitors Gain Competitive Advantage Over Each Other In A Couple Of Ways: for writing techniques and actionable ideas. Regardless of the topic, subject or complexity, we can help you write any paper! to the strategic and competitive advantage of the company, Information technology does have a powerful impact on the competitive edge in either cost or distinction in every market. The technology impacts performance processes on their own or helps firms to achieve a comparative advantage by taking advantage of comparative scope shifts. Figure 1 shows how using feedback completes the information processing loop. To be a good information systems manager, however, you must bring into that loop far more than just computer data. For instance, your information system reports that you produced , widgets last week with a “throwback” rate of 10 percent. Information technology is a vital tool for enabling business strategy and achieving competitive advantage Competitive advantage If a firm is to have sustainable competitive advantage, it must have resources that are.

Competitive advantage rather than industry attractiveness was the primary source of superior profitability c. Strategy should be focused on both exploiting and developing firms' core competences There are two primary sources of profit (or "economic rent"). Institutions tend to stay away from the stocks with extremely low and extremely high levels of firm-specific uncertainty because of their desire to hedge against aggregate volatility risk or exploit their competitive advantage in obtaining and processing information, coupled with the dislike of idiosyncratic risk. A chair and organizer of conferences at Columbia University on “Software as a Tool of Competitive Advantage: A U.S.-Japan Comparison”, , “Software as a Strategic Tool of Competitive Advantage: Japanese and US Industry Case studies”, and on “Intellectual Property Rights and the Prospects for US-Japan Cooperation in Asia”

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This book is the classic in the organizational learning approach. But it¡¯s more than that. This book is not about lean production or Japanese kaizen system, but about how to enhance a firm¡¯s adaptability to turbulent environment through knowledge creation.

with suggesting new concept of knowledge-creation as the tangible base of organizational capabilities or innovation, this book serves /5(55). Moerke, Andreas. “Performance and Corporate Governance Structures of Japanese Keiretsu Groups.” In Information Processing as a Competitive Advantage of Japanese Firms, edited by Horst Albach, Ulrike Goertzen, and Rita Zobel.

Berlin: SigmaCited by:   This study investigates how firms build competitive advantage by focusing on the actions and responses of rivals in the U.S.

domestic airline industry. We identified four attributes of competitive response- imitation, likelihood, lag, and order-explaining them in terms of the information represented in the type of action to which a firm is responding and the information-processing Cited by:   Strategic information system helps organizations to develop their generic strategies in order to attain competitive advantages.

On the other side, Literature review focus on. [8] Porter () states that the principal types of competitive advantage are low cost producer, differentiation, and focus.

A firm has a competitive advantage if it is able to deliver its product or service at a lower cost than its competitors. If the quality of its product is satisfactory, this will translate into. For example, Collins and Clark () show that a company’s information capability affects its competitive advantage in American high technology companies; Sook-Ling, Ismail, and Yee-Yen, () demonstrate that information processing capability is positively related to competitive advantage while Lim, Stratopoulos, and Wirjanto, (   Furthermore, in real life, consumers are likely to engage in some level of information search, which would further dilute the country of origin effect in the marketplace.

Based on these arguments, we conclude that country of origin might not necessarily lead to a competitive (dis)advantage in terms of a price premium or discount. They provide a basis for building new technological processes and offer a valuable product or service to a firm’s customers c.

They are found primarily in Japanese companies such as Honda, Canon, and Sony d. They allow top managers to understand the human resources of their firm and to define and implement a technological strategy Enterprise Resource Planning software (such as that.

The shale revolution brought about not only an American competitive advantage in the global oil and gas market, but also an entirely new geopolitical dynamic. Energy is the bedrock of every industrial economy, and even minor shifts in production and prices have had.

Successful firms had strong ties to the centers of organic chemistry knowledge. The book also argues that a complex coevolutionary process linking firms, technology and national institutions resulted in very different degrees of industrial success for dye firms in the three countries.

The analysis shows that dependability is a key driver of customer satisfaction and customer loyalty. Thus, information service firms should focus more on improving the reliability of their services to achieve competitive advantage and later that may lead to a sustainable competitive advantage.

Fundamentals+of+Information+Systems, Seventh+Edition 1 Fundamentals+of+Information+Systems, Seventh+Edition Chapter(1 An(Introduction(to(Information(Systemsin.

This empirical study suggests that Japanese competitive advantage in complex-product industries is at least partly due to differences in value chain governance and interfirm asset co-specialization. Comparative data are offered which indicate that U.S.

firms rely largely on markets and hierarchies to facilitate exchange, whereas Japanese firms. The model builds on the argument that more accurate expectations about the firm-specific value of resources is, other than luck, the only way for firms to obtain the specific resources required for competitive advantage.

We address the more specific question of what types of information firms should gather to accomplish this goal. Financial Institution Advantage and the Optimization of Information Processing offers a key resource for understanding and implementing effective data governance practices and data modeling within financial organizations.

Sean Keenan—a noted expert on the topic—outlines the strategic core competencies, includes best practices, and suggests. Fundamentals of Information Systems, Fifth Edition 5 Principles and Learning Objectives (continued) • The use of information systems to add value to the organization can also give an organization a competitive advantage – Identify the value-added processes in the supply chain and describe the role of information systems within them.

The crisis of the new economy might have cast doubt on the usefulness of the Internet for business activities. However, it is unquestionable that the possibilities offered by Internet-based technologies in terms of information processing, transfer and collection enable the firm to improve market knowledge and the relationship with clients and suppliers.

Businesses can use technology to gain competitive advantage and increase on their (ROI) return on investment. A business is driven by five major forces and these include; (1) Buyer power, (2) Supplier power, (3) Threat of substitute products or services, (4) Threat of new entrants, (5) Rivalry among existing competitors.

All these five forces will [ ]. Using Information Systems to Achieve Competitive Advantage. Firms with a competitive advantage over others typically have access to special resources that others do not or are able to use resources more efficiently, resulting in higher revenue growth, profitability, or productivity growth (efficiency), all of which ultimately in the long run translate into higher stock market valuations than.

Firms are embedded in networks of cooperative relationships that influence the flow of resources among them. Dynamic resource flows and differentiated structural positions lead to asymmetries and influence firms' competitive behavior toward others in the network.

We develop a multilevel conceptual model relating key network properties to competitive action and response. edge systems. Such an information processing view of organizational functioning is very useful for un-derstanding not only the culture of a firm, but also its customer orientation, because discussion of the latter has taken an implicit, if not explicit, organizational information processing.

The concept of competitive advantage has received considerable interest from researchers. Firms need to manage the factors that contribute towards competitive advantage to ensure their survival.

To manage cognitive processes for competitive advantage requires that we attend to the identities by which people make sense of what they do in relation to a larger set of organizational norms. Albert, S., & Whetten, D.A. MIS Chap # 1. MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM Chapter 2 Information Systems for Competitive Advantage 1 2.

OVERVIEW The firms and its environment The General System Model of the Firms Supply Chain Management Need for Information Processing Politically Imposed Constraints Cultural and Communication Barriers Technological Problems Strategic Planning. Advantages Of Information Technology Information Technology Essay.

Information technology (IT) can be defined in various ways, but is broadly considered to encompass the use of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data. THE ROLE OF LOGISTICS' INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN PROMOTING COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF THE FIRM.

Understanding sources of sustained competitive advantage has become a major area of research in strategic management. Building on the assumptions that strategic resources are heterogeneously distributed acrossfirms and that these differences are stable over time, this article examines the link betweenfirm resources and sustained competitive advantage.

delivers the latest tech news, analysis, how-to, blogs, and video for IT professionals. Covers apps, careers, cloud computing, data center, mobile. Emerging technologies are those technical innovations that represent progressive innovations within a field for competitive advantage.

Emerging technologies typically go through the following sequential stages: (or even take charge) in scientific projects, government, army, corporate governance, film and books creation, inventions etc. aspects of a firm’s market situation that cannot be replicated by its competitors or, at most, can be reproduced by only a handful of them.

The existence or absence of competitive advantages forms a kind of continental divide when it comes to strategy. On one side are the markets in which no firms benefit from significant competitive. Telecommuting, also called remote work, future of work, telework, teleworking, working from home (WFH), mobile work, remote job, work from anywhere (WFA), and flexible workplace, is a work arrangement in which employees do not commute or travel (e.g.

by bus, bicycle or car, etc.) to a central place of work, such as an office building, warehouse, or store.between different staffing systems and firm-level performance.

We first look to existing theory on firms to compete effectively and create competitive advantage in their given market space and Organizational structure and information processing.

In the strategic human resource management literature, a growing number of researchers have.A firm’s investment in intellectual capital strategy is considered a crucial factor for tea processing firms’ capability to innovate, or its ability to utilize its knowledge resources On the one hand most organizations are recognized for their main ability as intangible possession and for accessing competitive advantage.